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[chox] CERN and Univ. of Pavia sign Berlin Declaration


Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences 
and Humanities:

CERN and University of Pavia sign Berlin 

Press conference and Signing Ceremony:

12.05.2004, 05:00 p.m. at CERN Council Chamber, Geneva

First practical actions toward the realization of open access to knowledge in 
the sciences and in the humanities have been formulated at a meeting on the 
implementation of the recommendations in the Berlin Declaration at 
CERN/Geneva May 12?13, 2004. The meeting was coordinated by a 
group of Max Planck institutions (the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational 
Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), the Fritz Haber Institute, the Max Planck 
Institute for the History of Science, and the Heinz Nixdorf Center for 
Information Management). The Berlin declaration 
({HYPERLINK "http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html"}http://www.zim.mpg.de/

openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html) has been 
launched in October 2003 at a meeting organized by the Max Planck 
Society to ensure the free and unrestricted access of everybody to the 
results of scientific research and the sources documenting the cultural 
heritage of mankind. It has until now been signed by 38 organizations throughout the world which are now taking concrete measures of 

For the first time ever, the Internet offers the possibility of making 
knowledge universally accessible. As a result, publishing practices and the 
system of quality assurance used so far in the sciences and the humanities 
are expected to undergo considerable changes. In signing the "Berlin Declaration", the research organizations advocate consistently using the 
Internet for scientific communication and publishing.

It was this spirit of openness and sharing in a vast community that induced 
Tim Berners Lee and Robert Cailliau of CERN to invent the World Wide 
Web 15 years ago. Now CERN and its collaborating institutes are one of 
the leading forces developing Grid Computing, which will allow physicists around the world to analyse the data from CERN?s new machine, the Large 
Hadron Collider (LHC), from their home institutes.

The process of transforming scholarly communication towards the open 
access model pioneered by the high-energy physicists of CERN has now 
taken up additional momentum. With CERN one of the most distinguished 
European research institutions has become a Signatory of the Berlin 
Declaration. Representing a larger group of research organizations about to join the process started in Berlin, the University of Pavia has signed the 
declaration as the first Italian university.

In opening the meeting, Robert Aymar, Director General of CERN said: ?50 
years ago 12 European Countries adopted the Convention of CERN which 
was the result of the vision of Scientists and Politicians from Europe, and 
around the world, and which has been proven to be the basis for the success 
of this Organization. The Convention requires openness, stipulating that the results of its (CERN?s) experimental and theoretical work shall be published 
or otherwise made generally available.?

For the first time the Geneva meeting has recognized not only the benefit of 
open access for science but also its crucial role in turning the Internet into a 
key element of an open and peaceful world. As the President of the 
Academy of African Languages, Adama Samassekou, representing the 
World Summit on Information Society at the meeting pointed out: ?In a 
world of open access knowledge is a connecting rather than a dividing factor 
between different cultures. We have to counteract the danger of a 
knowledge divide blooming from the present practice of commercial 
scholarly communication. What we need instead is open access as a model for a new, open-minded way of thinking, the only way to address the global 
challenges emerging from the divide between rich and less rich societies.?

Among several nations already on their way towards an open access 
society, also the Federal Republic of Germany plays a leading role, with its 
partnership between the Max Planck Society, the Fachinformationszentrum 
Karlsruhe, and the Federal Ministery of Research and Education. With the 
project of creating a nucleus for a national infrastructure for open access to 
scientific information and cultural heritage just granted, this partnership has taken on a concrete form. The project is being co-funded by the partners at 
a level of 25 million Euros for a period of five years.

Further information:

{HYPERLINK "http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/"}http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/




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